Media freedom in China is declining at "breakneck speed", according to a report by a group representing foreign journalists in the country.
The report by the Foreign Correspondents Club (FCC) of China said journalists there face physical assaults, hacking, online trolling and visa denials.
Local journalists in mainland China and Hong Kong are also being targeted.
China has labelled the FCC an "illegal organisation".
It comes as the world's media turn their attention to the Beijing Winter Olympics, which is already under scrutiny due to alleged human rights abuses in Xinjiang and a crackdown in Hong Kong.