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International press review Extrema Ratio June 8, 2023

Extrema Ratio focuses on the topics we work on, including geopolitcs, military, cybersecurity, critical technologies, foreign interference, disinformation, international law & national security.


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Extrema Ratio

Come abbiamo scritto nel saggio La Cina di Xi Jinping - Verso un nuovo ordine mondiale sinocentrico? , per combattere il mercantilismo predatorio cinese, le nazioni democratiche avrebbero bisogno di una “NATO per il commercio”.

Money.it

Ford sta riducendo la sua vasta presenza in Europa con migliaia di tagli di posti di lavoro.

The Global News Negli ultimi giorni si sente spesso parlare dei poteri speciali del governo a salvaguardia di società operanti in settori reputati strategici o di interesse nazionale. Ma cos’è la Golden Power e perché è molto sensibile nei confronti della Cina.


Foto: The Global News

China

China Military

The 2023 Multilateral Naval Exercise Komodo (MNEK) kicked off in Indonesia on June 5. During the two days from June 6 to June 7, the Chinese sailors assigned to the destroyer Zhanjiang and the frigate Xuchang participated in a number of on-shore exchange activities such as city parade, maritime exhibition, civil medical service, culinary demonstrations, fun diving and sports.

China Military

The 44th Chinese naval escort taskforce completed its escort mission for the Panamanian merchant ship Heilan Song after it arrived at the safe area in the Mandab Strait on June 2, local time.

Firstpost

In other key technologies such as autonomous systems operation technology, advanced robotics, adversarial AI-reverse engineering and protective cyber the collective strength of the AUKUS countries shifts this picture, and they take the global lead. This was revealed in the Critical Technology Tracker report of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute.

Tech war: China’s chip imports down 20 per cent in first five months as trade with South Korea, Japan, Taiwan shrinks South China Morning Post Ann Cao The downward trend in trade data comes amid increasing efforts by the US to restrict China’s access to advanced chips and chip-making equipment, especially from Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, which are key players in the global chip supply chain. Meanwhile, a US-initiated Chip 4 Alliance – which includes South Korea, Japan and Taiwan – is coming into shape.

Reuters

China's largest commercial property developer Dalian Wanda Group on Thursday said it is appealing a court decision to freeze 1.9 billion yuan ($266.23 million) worth of shares it owns in a subsidiary.

The New York Times

Walking through Nagu, a small town in the mountains of southwestern China, the signs of a vibrant Muslim community are ubiquitous.

The Washington Post

The day begins with goose-stepping. In the prison yards of juvenile facilities across Hong Kong, young men and women practice the form of marching used by the Chinese military, kicking their legs up high as guards yell out commands.

CNBC

The U.S.-China chip war could impact South Korea’s chip giants as China accounts for a large chunk of their production capacity — but there shouldn’t be long-term disruptions, according to Fitch Ratings.

Radio Free Asia

Police motorcades, guarded fleets of vans carrying exam papers and throngs of mask-wearing teens pouring into gymnasium halls were a common scene across China as a record number of students take the national college entrance exam, or gaokao, this week.

Channel News Asia

hina's decision to abandon its strict "zero-COVID" policy has not sparked a rebound in German firms' plans to invest there as a sluggish recovery and geopolitical tensions weigh on the business outlook, a survey showed on …

Belt and Road


USA

Voice of America

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken is expected to visit Beijing in coming weeks, rescheduling a trip canceled in February amid tensions that included a Chinese spy balloon flying over the United States.

  • Secretary of State Antony Blinken had an “open, candid” conversation about Israel, the conflict in Yemen, unrest in Sudan, and human rights with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman yesterday, a U.S. official said. The discussion was expected to be dominated by the possible normalization of ties between Saudi Arabia and Israel, though officials played down the likelihood of any significant progress. A source familiar with the discussions said that developing a civilian nuclear program is among Riyadh’s conditions for normalizing ties with Israel. Humeyra Pamuk and Aziz El Yaakoubi reports for Reuters.

  • Former President Trump has been notified by federal prosecutors that he faces a criminal investigation over his handling of classified documents after he left Washington. The move suggests Trump could soon face his second indictment as he continues campaigning to be president again. George Bowden reports for BBC News.

  • The Republican-led House Oversight Committee yesterday dropped its plans to hold FBI Director Christopher Wray in contempt of Congress. Oversight Committee Chair James Comer (R-KY) said the plans were dropped because the FBI accepted his demand to let all committee members review the 2020 document detailing allegations against President Biden. Andrew Solender reports for Axios.

  • A two-day stalemate between the hard-right Freedom Caucus and Republican leaders has stopped the House from considering any legislation for the foreseeable future. House Speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) attempted to negotiate with the Freedom Caucus, which is still angry about the debt ceiling deal struck last week. However, the Republican leadership’s negotiations failed yesterday evening, canceling the remaining votes for the week. Amy B Wang, Marianna Sotomayor, Leigh Ann Caldwell, and Paul Kane report for the Washington Post.

  • Supreme Court Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel A. Alito Jr asked for more time to file annual financial disclosures, the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts confirmed yesterday. Thomas’ request comes after criticism that he did not report luxury travel and real estate deals with a Texas billionaire and Republican donor. Revised ethics rules adopted in March require the justices to provide a fuller public accounting of the free trips and other gifts they accept. Ann E. Marimow and Robert Barnes report for the Washington Post.

  • Fox News told Tucker Carlson’s lawyers yesterday that the former host breached his contract with the network when he released a new show on Twitter this week, according to a source with direct knowledge of the matter. Carlson’s lawyers have said that any legal action by Fox would violate his First Amendment rights. Sara Fischer and Mike Allen report for Axios.

  • Instagram’s algorithms connect and promote a vast network of accounts openly devoted to the commission and purchase of underage-sex content, according to investigations by the Wall Street Journal and researchers at Stanford University and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Technical and legal hurdles make determining the full scale of the network hard for anyone outside Meta to measure precisely. Meta acknowledged problems within its enforcement operations and said it has set up an internal task force to address the issue. Jeff Horwitz and Katherine Blunt report for the Wall Street Journal.

C4ISRNET

Public attention paid to AI and its offshoots skyrocketed following the November rollout of OpenAI’s ChatGPT.

Australia

  • Australia has announced it will introduce a national ban on Nazi symbols. Public displays of the swastika or SS symbols will be punishable by up to a year in prison. The move comes amid a resurgence in far-right activity. Last month, Australia’s security chief warned that the country’s extremist far-right was becoming “emboldened” to take to the streets. Tom Housden reports for BBC News.

Australia’s industry code will force big tech to proactively look for and remove child-abuse material The Australian Julie Inman Grant We’ve reached a true watershed moment in the global fight to protect children online, and history will mark that this was the first major salvo launched from right here in Australia.

Two US tech giants called ATO over PwC leaks probe The Australian Financial Review Neil Chenoweth, Edmund Tadros The unnamed US firms’ tax advisers complained to the ATO in August 2021 after the Tax Practitioners Board ordered 14 tech companies that appear in internal PwC emails to produce documents that showed their exchanges with the big four firm. The TPB was investigating PwC’s use of confidential Treasury information to target new clients.

PwC helping govt pick critical minerals projects InnovationAus Joseph Brookes PwC is being paid up to $8 million to help the Australian and Indian governments select critical minerals projects for investment as part of a bilateral move to shift supply chains out of China. Under a contract with the Industry department, PwC will receive up to $ 4 million from each government to find and assess projects.

Cyber security is a fact of modern life and it needs to be treated that way The Australian Financial Review Phil Rodrigues In late 2022, the Australian Government announced plans for a new Cyber Security Strategy 2023-2030, with the aim of making Australia the world’s most cyber secure nation by 2030. The government’s national priorities are reflective of the challenges posed by cyber-enabled threats, and reinforce the view that in 2023 cyber security is a fact of modern life.

North Asia

The Japan Times

Taiwanese presidential contender Ko Wen-je said Thursday he would advocate a mix of deterrence and dialogue when dealing with China not only to deter possible aggression but also to foster peace between the two sides, which, according to the 63-year-old, are “one family.”

The Jerusalem Post

Taiwan activated its defense systems on Thursday after reporting 37 Chinese military aircraft flying into the island's air defense zone, some of which then flew into the western Pacific, in Beijing's latest mass air incursion.


Taiwanese presidential contender Ko Wen-je speaks during a news conference in Tokyo on Thursday. | GABRIEL DOMINGUEZ

Taiwan News

Huawei will be shutting down its last brand store in Taipei in a little over a week, leaving only one store in all of Taiwan.

U.S. sanctions on Huawei over cybersecurity and espionage concerns under the Trump administration and Biden's ban on the export of U.S. technologies to the Chinese company have hobbled its overseas smartphone business. As a result, Huawei has scaled back its presence in Taiwan.

  • Taiwan activated its defense systems today after 37 Chinese military aircraft, including fighters and nuclear-capable bombers, flew into the Taiwan air defense zone. This is only the latest Chinese mass air incursion, as regional tensions rise. Reuters reports.

Defence One

Speaking less than a week after an "unsafe maritime interaction" with China in the Taiwan Strait, Adm. Mike Gilday said the U.S. wants "things to remain stable and predictable."

Deutsche Welle

More than 30 Chinese military aircraft entered Taiwan's air defense zone on Thursday, the Taiwanese Defense Ministry said. The warplanes did not enter Taiwan's territorial airspace.

Reuters

Japan has conveyed "strong concern" and lodged a protest against China after the Chinese Navy entered Japan's waters near Yakushima Island on Thursday, Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno said.

USNI News

Taiwan’s Republic of China Navy is facing two looming threats from China and has been struggling to create a force structure to handle both.

First, the ROCN must be able to meet the risk of a potential full-scale invasion by the People’s Republic of China. Second, it has to confront the constant grey zone activities carried out by Chinese forces that are harassing Taiwan’s borders on a daily basis.


The Cheung Kung-class (ex-Oliver Hazard Perry class) frigate ROCS Ming-Chuan (PFG-1112). Ming Chuan and ROCS Feng Jia (PFG-1115) were the last pair to join the Republic of China Navy in 2018. Taiwan Navy Photo

USNI News

The following is the June 5 2023, Congressional Research Service report, U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Background and Issues for Congress. Original Document (PDF) »

Central Asia

  • Turkmenistan is in talks with U.S. officials to receive financial and technical support to stem its out-of-control methane emissions. Meanwhile, it hopes to sell some of its gas to Iran. This and more in the latest edition of the weekly Akhal-Teke Bulletin.

  • Kyrgyzstan’s president Sadyr Japarov is paranoid that his opponents might seize power by whipping up angry crowds. That is, after all, how he got where he is today. This week, the leader of an obscure party was the latest detained for purported coup-plotting.

  • An activist in Uzbekistan imprisoned for his role in last year’s protests in the autonomous republic of Karakalpakstan has lost his appeal to overturn a 16-year sentence. His lawyer says the appeal was rushed and marred by violations.

  • When Western countries slapped sanctions on Russia, many turned to Kazakhstan as a way to circumvent financial restrictions. Kazakh banks are taking measures to stop being seen as sanctions-busters, however.

  • In other railway news, China and Kazakhstan are planning a new rail connection and border crossing, something they hope can cut freight transit times. Over in Uzbekistan, China is poised to assist in boosting solar and wind power-generating capacity. Those are just two items of news in another packed China-Central Asia Bulletin.

Ukraine - Russia

  • Russia’s President Vladimir Putin uses the word “war” more often instead of the earlier euphemism “a special military operation.” Calling the conflict a war was effectively outlawed for the Russian media by a series of laws soon after the invasion. However, after what Russia considered a major Ukrainian drone attack on Moscow, Putin used the word “war” four times last week. Guy Faulconbridge reports for Reuters.

  • Damage to the Kakhovka dam has resulted in the flooding of 29 towns and villages along the Dnipro River, Ukraine’s interior minister has said.BBC News reports.

  • Russian forces are shooting at Ukrainian rescuers trying to reach survivors trapped in flooded areas of occupied Kherson, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said. Pointing to the fact that the dam has been under Russian forces’ control since the beginning of the full-scale invasion, Zelenskyy said the Kremlin was to blame for the dam’s destruction that caused the flooding. Paul Ronzheimer and Zoya Sheftalovich report for POLITICO.

BBC, BA and Boots issued with ultimatum by cyber gang Clop BBC Joe Tidy A prolific cyber crime gang thought to be based in Russia has issued an ultimatum to victims of a hack that has hit organisations around the world.

Europe

Xinhua

The agreement includes the creation of a manufacturing joint venture to produce 200mm silicon carbide devices in Chongqing. The new SiC manufacturing plant is expected to begin production in the fourth quarter of 2025, with construction completion expected in 2028.

Xinhua

The Italian government met Marco Tronchetti Provera, executive vice president, and Andrea Casaluci, head of operations, to understand if the relative majority shareholder, the Chinese Sinochem, is trying to strengthen its influence on the tire group, an icon of the industry Italian.

C4ISRNET

A pan-European consortium was tasked to deliver foundational building blocks for future military unmanned ground vehicle programs.

Deutsche Welle

Germany has officially conducted military training programs with China in the past. Indeed, it is common for militaries to exchange technical and tactical experience.

Voice of America

Fijian Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka said Wednesday that the island nation was reviewing an agreement on police cooperation it signed with China in 2011 that has allowed Chinese police officers to be stationed in Fiji.

  • Most Europeans still see China predominantly as “a necessary partner,” according to a poll of more than 6,000 people in 11 E.U. member states carried out in April. Majorities in all 11 countries are unwilling to support the United States against China if there were a military escalation. However, Russia is increasingly seen as an adversary or rival, a view held by 64 percent of respondents. Jana Puglierin and Pawel Zerka report for the European Council on Foreign Relations.

EU considers mandatory ban on using Huawei to build 5G Reuters The European Union is considering a mandatory ban on member-states using companies that might pose a security risk in their 5G networks, including China's Huawei Technologies Co Ltd, the Financial Times reported on Tuesday.

UK

  • Britain will host key players for a summit on artificial intelligence in the fall to ensure the technology is “safe and secure.” The U.K. aims to respond quickly to a rapidly changing market, as ministers hope to carve a path between strict E.U. regulations and the lighter-touch U.S. approach. Esther Webber reports for POLITICO.

Sunak seeks Biden’s backing on AI after UK left out of key talks Bloomberg Alex Morales, Justin Sink Prime Minister Rishi Sunak called for global cooperation to guard against risks posed by artificial intelligence, before talks with President Joe Biden he hopes will boost UK influence over regulating the technology.

UK to remove Chinese-made surveillance equipment from sensitive government sites South China Morning Post Britain has committed to the removal of Chinese-made surveillance equipment from sensitive government sites as part of its latest plans to address national security concerns related to China.

Africa

  • Félicien Kabuga, an 88-year-old man accused of being a financier of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, is unfit to stand trial, a U.N. war crimes court has ruled. Kabuga has “severe dementia,” according to medical experts. He was arrested in Paris in 2020 after evading capture for 26 years. BBC News reports.

Big Tech

Meta taskforce to combat trade of child sex abuse materials after damning report The Guardian Dan Milmo Mark Zuckerberg’s Meta has set up a taskforce to investigate claims that Instagram is hosting the distribution and sale of self-generated child sexual abuse material, with the platform’s algorithms helping advertise illicit content.

Artificial Intelligence

How AI can help make humans more productive The Australian Financial Review Rada Stanic While artificial intelligence (AI) is a constantly evolving technology, it is not new. It has been a focus at Amazon for over 25 years. We are helping democratise the technology, making it accessible to anyone who wants to use it, including more than 100,000 customers of all sizes and industries.


 

The rise of the People's Republic of China represents the most significant foreign policy challenge of the 21st century. In all spheres, from the economy, to technology, to security and the environment, engaging with an increasingly dominant China is both necessary and inevitable.


Photo: La Cina di Xi Jinping - Verso un nuovo ordine mondiale sinocentrico? (Italian)

Gabriele and Nicola Iuvinale

ASE 2023

To download the book index, preface and introduction: https://www.extremarationews.com/reuters-news

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